Political awakening in Kashmir and 1931 uprising
• In 1865, the shawl workers strike marked the beginning of workers uprising in Kashmir.
• Reading Room Party, a Muslim educated group initiative of 1930 laid the foundation of modern political uprising in Kashmir.
• Sheikh Abdullah believed that Reading Room was only a pretext while the main aim and agenda was to launch a political movement against autocratic rule.
• Window was opened to the world so that it could see the worse conditions of people living in Kashmir.
• In the month of July, 1931 a good number of public meetings were held and were addressed by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, Ghulam Nabi Gilkar and Moulvi Abdul Rahim and the meetings were followed by slogans like ‘sur faroshi ki tamana ab hamarae dil mai’
• Abdul Qadeer became a revolutionary figure in uprising. His arrest and demanded shifting of venue of trail caused serious anger among youth who assembled outside the central jail and shouted slogans like Allahu Akber and consequently it turned into violent event in which seventeen Muslims were killed while forty got injured, five of whom died later on 13 July, 1931.
• This led the beginning of mass uprising.
• Mr. Wakefield was the Prime Minister of Kashmir.
• The martyrs were kept in the Jamia Masjid for the whole night attended by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah.